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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 27, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture
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new ventures and provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news america." is "bbc world news america" reporting from london. the journey to ebola ground zero. scientists say the first human trial of a vaccine shows promise. a much clearer picture of how the outbreak started. what is less certain is how and when it will end. oil prices dropped to their lowest level in four years as opec decides to leave supply unchanged. the people of pittsburgh who hav
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accent in america. we visited the city to get their reaction. hello and welcome to "world news from london. it is thanksgiving in the united states. a two-year-old boy fell ill and died two years ago in guinea. days later, so did his sister and their pregnant mother. it was the start of the ebola outbreak in west africa that has killed more than 5000 people and infected many more. our global health correspondent has been to that village where it started. >> it is in these remote villages that ebola first took hold and flourished. it is a treacherous journey to ground zero with this outbreak.
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this is the trip many of the sick have to make to get help. we are heading to the village emerged,la first probably carried by fruit bats. her two-year-old son was the first victim of ebola. he tells me how his daughter became ill soon after. and then his pregnant wife started showing the same symptoms. she died shortly after giving birth. her baby was stillborn. when i think about it, i seem sad. it is too much. i can't deal with it. i have to say to myself, i have to accept it and move on.
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to this has robbed community of 26 mothers, fathers, and children. people here are working hard to keep the virus out. there has not been a case cents march. experts have a clear picture of how the outbreak started. without -- what is less certain is how it will end. there is no sign of a slowdown here. this treatment center has been open for one week. today, it had to close admissions. >> i would say i have a pessimist, unfortunately. it is increasing got a lot. we can't change the population. there are dead bodies. is often the consequence of fear and denial in
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communities. it is a place where we have many problems because of ebola. we have many positive people. many have died in the village. >> bodies are being loaded onto this pickup truck. some of the latest victims of the outbreak. eight months into the crisis, they are still doing this every day. families hit by ebola are put under an informal quarantine. two people recently died. many of their loved ones are at risk, including the brother of one of the victims. >> keeping people in these
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communities in one place is a major challenge. children no longer go to school. food program is bringing supplies to people so they don't have to leave their homes. >> we give them food so they stay in their village. they do not go looking for food. so they don't come back with disease. >> back where it all started, the community has learned the hard way how to keep the virus out. its legacy lives on with almost 50 children orphaned. started before the understood what the outbreak was capable of. knew the graves he duck for his wife and children would be the first of many thousands.
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a short while ago i spoke to colin brown, an expert at the kings-sarah lyons partnership. he explains the difficulties of identifying ebola. alleople get fevers and die the time. it is difficult to recognize when you have a cluster of that in an area where you have good surveillance system. to helphave the test with that and the infrastructure to recognize several people are dying at once. areink we will see there improved systems. >> the government has been criticized for taking a long time once the pattern emerged. to be able to say there was a
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slow response, there is a recognition everyone's response was slow at the start. the key thing is what do we do now to help to improve the health care? >> you're just back from sierra leone. talk is about the work you did. >> a lot of it was we operate within the framework of the main hospital. in they adult hospital country. we were there to support that hospital, its staff, with the ministry of health. we have now taken on a clinical role. training local staff in how they can run their units and helping the government with some structures to improve the ability to know there is a patient here and you need to get a test to get a result. helping the flow of the country. >> you touched upon the criticism everyone was given
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about the slowness of the response. were you getting the equipment you needed? >> things are much improved. we are seeing an international response and money and human resources reach the ground where we needed to be. things were challenging at the start. things are improving. there is a large british response. >> obviously we want to see a cure. how optimistic are you about this new early phase of treatment of the volunteers that a responding well to the early phase of experimentation? >> it is really good. it is in healthy volunteers. it looks like there is an antibody produced that may be protective. the key thing will be to see if that translates for the people who are exposed to ebola. you have to look at the group
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that is exposed, health care workers in the field who are there every day. we will be translating that into the health care worker, the next part of the trial, to see if it will produce an effect. health care workers really want if ite it so they know works and if they can benefit from it to protect them going forward. number that is needed, the company behind this is saying that one million doses will be produced by 2015, the end of 2015. it takes a long time. it willng whether protect. you don't want to invest in a vaccine that may not have a protective effect. it is encouraging, but we need to see whether on the ground for the people that are affected and are exposed to the virus, whether or not the vaccine works. that is why they are rolling out
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into health care worker trials. that is the first step. i think we can look to roll out. , thanks forwn coming on the program. to $72 as have plunged barrel, the lowest in more than four years. it comes as opec in vienna decided to keep production at current levels despite the low prices. is it good news for everyone? in a moment we will have analysis. let's take a look at what is happening to the price is loyal. -- the price of oil.
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that is what has been happening to the oil prices. and ie to an analyst asked him if he was surprised production will not be cut. >> the game has changed because in the past opec was the producer. that is no longer the case.
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a third of the oil production, we now have the u.s., which isns the u.s. now no longer an importer of oil. goall of that has to elsewhere. you've got russia, whose economy is on its knees trying to produce as much as it can to expand the growth in its economy. so essentially it would not have made any difference whatsoever because american and the russians stepped into the brink. >> they had no choice. not like they were pushed into a corner. production,ad cut russia would have upped their production to compensate for that. there is no consensus now with respect to oil production globally simply because opec no longer has this way it had five years ago.
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>> how can the various countries sustain this? the oil price needed to balance economies, 72 dollars per country like qatar, it needs $77. not to mention all of the others. how can they manage this? they can't. russia wants to squeeze the u.s. because they break even around $65 a barrel. price is about $100. they are playing a game of chicken with each other. i think the u.s. wants to punish russia for what is going on in the ukraine and at the same time russia and saudi arabia want to put a squeeze on the shale producers. there are winners, people like you and me when we fill up our cars. it means we have much more disposable income. so there should be a gdp boost
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to some of the economies that have been suffering as a result of the global financial crisis. >> is this situation sustainable? >> it can continue for a few months. saudi arabia is best equipped to withstand it. the product -- the small producers, not so much. at the end of the day, it is about how long can saudi arabia sustain it because they are the biggest producer. they have 6-12 months. it while wet of can. >> you touched upon shale gas. is it a threat? >> absolutely. the u.s. could be self-sufficient within the next 2-3 years and replace saudi arabia. u.s. is not allowed to export, that is a bigger game changer. allowed to do that because of congressional law.
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what is, the question is, do the rest of the oil-producing companies, countries, due in the meantime to try to mitigate this effect? >> fascinating stuff. thank you very much. bring you up-to-date with some other news, the nigerian payiament says shell should 4 million dollars -- 4 billion dollars in compensation for an oil spill in 2011. the incident involved a tanker. the slick has covered an area of 1000 square kilometers. the dissension is nonbinding and says it has cleaned up the spill. is 74 years old, is receiving special care in a hospital. the hospital said his health has deteriorated, three days after
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he was admitted with a urinary tract infection. he underwent surgery for kidney stones. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on the program, the mexican president promises change to the policing as allegations of corruption continue to surface. five people have been killed, including a british worker, in a suicide bomb attack in the afghan capital. taliban militants say they carried out the bombing. richard galston has this report. this busyn this, road, the attacks took place this morning. the suicide bomber detonating his car with deadly effect. among the vehicles taking the brunt of the blast, a car from the british embassy.
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when hewitness said arrived at the scene, there were a lot of dead bodies. many people had also been injured. >> this is the mangled wreckage of the car. it clearly was a powerful explosion. the taliban and said it carried out the attack and it was targeting foreigners. on a tripn secretary, to italy, give his reaction to the attack -- >> it reminds us of the risks in personal take every day trying to help the afghans build a better future for that country . by helping them to do so, to protect our own security and our own interest. >> the dead and injured from the bombing were brought to this hospital. a military ambulance. the first time since the western intervention in afghanistan
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began 13 years ago that british embassy staff have been killed or injured. is just happened today the latest in a series of recent attacks targeting foreigners here in the capital. a campaign which seems to be growing. president nieto will back reforms aimed at dissolving municipal police forces across the country that face allegations of corruption. this comes after the disappearance of 43 students in guerrero state. they have over 30 state police forces. let's get more on this with our american regional editor. when we heard about the students
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who went missing, it was difficult to understand what happened. this decision is a direct reaction to what happened with those students. >> absolutely. saids speech today, nieto mexico can't go on like this. he was referring to what happened in guerrero in the city of iguala, 43 students .isappeared police gave them to criminal gangs, according to state prosecutors. >> what is the president proposing? >> he is introducing a plan. the key points are that the congress can take over municipalities that seem to be failing or that are corrupt and also that state police forces can take over municipal police forces. mexico has 1800 municipal police forces and 32 state forces. this is to unite the forces and
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get rid of some of the corruption. >> is their optimism? >> mexico has seen plans like this before and there are concerns they will stay on the paper. what they really want to see and what mexicans are dying to see elementsentation of that would make life easier to tackle crime and the appalling violence many states are experiencing. statistics, in one state an officer face to the highest homicide rate of any country. it is dangerous for police officers. >> very difficult. they need concrete help in mexico. littleve low wages, very basic education and training. think about it, $650 a month to face extremely violent
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crimes. what are you going to do? into easy to be sucked extra money from crime. >> yes indeed. thank you very much. n online poll has accused to the people of pittsburgh of having the ugliest accent in america. it pitted 16 cities against each other and the public was asked to vote. is it fair or even true? to pittsburgh to find out with the locals make of it all. >> people in pittsburgh love pittsburgh. they love the city. >> they are known for their accent. h" instead ofs wash. figuredebsite gossip out the worst accent, and
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pittsburgh won. >> one of the problems is that the local people are working class people. >> i don't know. i don't think we have the ugliest accent. >> do you feel the pull is classist? >> of course. >> it is not just a story about pittsburgh. other cities have been slammed. i'm happy in scranton. >> i love our area. and not see the efficacy all of these polls and rating places. specially if you're just some jerk who is using the city as a punchline.
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>> we are the cowboys of the northeast. >> one survey in a real-life situation. >> our accent is fine. i don't think it is ugly. i don't know how you make an aesthetic judgment on an accent. >> we are a proud people. this is not what we would teach our students to do. or usean entire city, that language. the struggle we face as researchers is we don't know what happens to our research in the hands of journalists. we give them the discovery in our study, and they spin it or take it and may play with the truth.
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>> that is another thing andresting about scranton its low self-esteem. you and i can say that. area can runthis their region down. somebody from the outside says it, it is a problem. after -- it is thanksgiving in the united states, sorry, pittsburgh. we did not mean a word of it. not beiving would complete without a parade. thousands of people brave to the cold weather in new york to see a host of giant balloons, floats, a lot of marching bands and the cheerleaders. don't forget the cheerleaders. million watched it at home. can you believe that? ratherfort of their home than the freezing cold of new york.
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happy thanksgiving to all of our viewers in america. for me and the team on world news, thank you very much for watching. there is a lot more on our website and you can also get in touch with me and the team on twitter. for now, thanks for watching. bye-bye. make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and union bank. >> for 150 years we believe the , commercial bank owes its clients strength, stability, security. so we believe in keeping lending
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standards high, capital ratios high, credit ratings high. companies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right, it's just good business. union bank. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: in kabul, dozens injured and at least five are dead. after a day of violence and multiple bomb attacks in afghanistan's capital city. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. also ahead this thanksgiving thursday, promising results from early clinical trials of an ebola vaccine. >> hopefully if everything goes well, by mid-january we will be able to get the first doses into people for the trial. >> woodruff: from social media to smartphone apps, the music industry uses big data to determine the next billboard hit. t

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